The 1800s were a time of massive transformation in printing. The 1700s saw printing move from cottage to larger scale, but many factories held back industrial operations. Those changed dramatically right around 1800 and proceeded through the end of the century. In this article Glenn Fleishman focuses on an overlooked aspect: paper molds used to duplicate entire pages of type and images, often for newspapers, that were cast as metal plates. These remained in use until the 1980s in American newspapers!